Start Dating of old testament books

Dating of old testament books

Although other ancient communities also perceived a divine presence in history, the understanding of the ancient Israelites proved to be the most lasting and influential.

The universal goal of the Jewish people has frequently expressed itself in messianism—the idea of a universal, political realm of justice and peace.

In one form or another, messianism has permeated Jewish thinking and action throughout the ages, and it has strongly influenced the outlook of many secular-minded Jews ( eschatology).

Judaism is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable cultural traditions.

The first section of this article treats the history of Judaism in the broadest and most complete sense, from the early ancestral beginnings of the Jewish people to contemporary times.

Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews.

Judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.

According to Judaic belief, this divine guidance is manifested through the history of the Jewish people, which will culminate in the messianic age.

Judaism, whether in its “normative” form or in its sectarian deviations, never completely departed from this basic ethical and historical monotheism. This formulation could be theologically reconciled with the assumption that Christianity had been preordained even before the creation of the world.

Between creation and redemption lies the particularistic designation of the Jewish people as the locus of God’s activity in the world, as the people chosen by God to be “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Exodus 19:6).

This arrangement is designated a covenant and is structured by an elaborate and intricate law.

Furthermore, God—as person—had revealed in a particular encounter the pattern and structure of communal and individual life to this people.